Методическая разработка. тренировочные упражнения на тему Здоровье. Медицина
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Exercise 1. Give the four forms of the verbs:
Hurt, rise, cure, fall, keep, cut, drop, feel, break, cup, die, lose, gargle, put, swell, strip, squint, heal, scald.
Exercise 2. Give derivatives, word combinations and expressions:
Sleep, nerve, cough, examine, ill, operate, treat, prescribe, consult, aid, health, swell, blood, stammer, eyesight, prevent, care, amputate, vaccinate, inject, medical, sprain.
Exercise 3. Give Russian equivalents of the following:
Sick-leave, examination, recovery, headache, to sneeze, consulting-room, chemist, remedy, to sprain, to fait, amputation, ward, to limp, splinter, injection, swelling, cancer, hot water bottle, epidemic, health-resort, stretcher, cripple.
To have a bad cough; to consult a doctor; to see one's tongue; to take one's temperature; to have pain in the chest; to feel one's pulse; to die of TB; to suffer from sleeplessness; to be treated for pneumonia; to take pills for a headache; to be nervous; curable disease; to make up a prescription; in a sling, to dress s wound, to undergo an operation; swollen fingers; to be laid up in a hospital; a coated tongue; to be run down; medical equipment; disease prevention; to gargle one's throat; to have an X-ray taken; medicine for external (internal) use; to take a deep breath; to affect one's eyesight, to go on crutches; to have a good effect on one's health; to feel giddy.
What's the trouble? What's the doctor's diagnosis? Take a table spoonful three times a day. You don't look at all well. Must I keep him in bed? I am so-so. What are directions for use? This treatment did me (a world of) good. The doctor receives patients in the morning. The tooth is not good any more. Strip to waist. I have liver trouble. My nose is all clogged up. Hold your breath.
Exercise 4. Translate into English (in case you cannot, review the list of words again)
насморк, пломба, кашлять, лекарство, больница, аптека, знобит, пациент, нервный, приемная врача, регистратура, лихорадит, приступ кашля, охрипнуть, электропроцедуры, заика, хромать, болеутоляющие средства, амбулаторный больной, быть переутомленным, первая помощь, грелка, горчичник.
Осматривать больного, сделать компресс, позвать врача, пломбировать зуб, удалить зуб, порезать палец, сломать ногу, испытывать боль в спине, получать больничный лист, подвергнуться операции, вызвать скорую помощь, вылечится от воспаления легких, проверить пульс, прописать микстуру от кашля, быть здоровым, страдать от бессонницы, следовать указаниям врача, испытывать головокружение, лихорадит, сделать рентген, принимать лечебные ванны, измерять температуру, находиться под наблюдением врача, оказывать первую помощь, сделать анализы, отрицательно сказываться на здоровье, приходить в себя
Ты больна? Ты выглядишь совсем плохо. У меня сильно болит голова. У вас грипп. Вам следует полежать в постели. У нее температура 38,8°. Она болела корью? Осложнений после болезни не было. Я хорошо себя чувствую. Грипп заразен. Как здоровье вашего брата? У него болит горло. Какой диагноз? Это лекарство мне совсем не помогло. Как принимать лекарство? Дайте мне что-нибудь от боли в желудке. На что вы жалуетесь? Когда вы заболели? В какие часы принимает врач? Вам не больно глотать? У меня заложен нос. Доктор прописал мне микстуру. Дышите глубже. Не дышите.
Exercise 5. Choose the right word:
The nurse mixed the medicine with a tea spoon and gave it to the ... man who sat up in bad to take it.
When people are … and have temperature of over 39 degrees we say they are in high fever.
When I go on board of a ship or a boat, 1 feel . . .
He was suddenly taken …
To treat-to cure
After scarlet fever complications developed, and they had to be ... for a month before the patient was completely...
The open air life on a farm ... him of his disease.
The doctor said that if I followed his instructions, I should soon be ... of the disease.
What did Mr. White die of? Did he suffer from any chronic... or complications after a serious...?
The .., was catching, and the doctor said he would put me on the sick-list.
The grippe, scarlet fever and measles are catching...
His ... prevented him from going to school together with his friends.
Fresh air, sunshine, good food may ...a patient of tuberculosis by ... his lungs. After a fortnight of slight fever, the wound ... and he recovered. The doctor applied a medicine which soon...the deep cut in my arm.
As Joe coming home a sudden... in his heart made him stop and lean against the wall of a house. Wet weather often makes old people feel an ... in their bones. He fell down the stairs and ... his leg. This heavy suit-case makes my arms... Did you ... yourself?
Exercise 6. Fill in the blanks with the words given in brackets
(consulting-room, pain, medicine, broken off, illness)
A. " To tell the truth, I thought you might give me something to stop the ... I hate and fear it!" said Ann truthfully. "The ... that I have given you stops pain", said the Doctor. "Take it at once when you feel the attack coming on". He met the gentle irony in Ann's eyes, and added seriously, "Miss Caldecott, you may have a serious..." "Well, that would be the end of me, I expect!" said Ann lightly. "Good-bye, Doctor, and thank you!"
She went out of the ... through the wide hall into the street, hardly thinking of what he had told her, because she was absorbed by other thoughts.
Ann had her prescription... on the way home, and then went round by way of the marke.t
Exercise 7. Complete the sentences:
If you have a toothache you consult a...
If something has got into your eye you go to see an ...
If you have a sore throat you consult a ...
If you have a heart attack you call a ...
If you catch the grippe you are attended by a ...
If your nerves are out of order you consult a ...
If your little sister or brother has a high temperature you send for a ...
Exercise 8. Find an adjective in list B to fit each noun in list A
a person, temperature, throat, chill, cold, headache, heart, pulse, disease, illness, cheek, health, eyesight, equipment, blood-pressure, disease, bath, use, tongue.
catching, quick, chronic, sick, sore, normal, weak, bad, slight, perfect, infectious, high, mud, medical, external, poor, splitting, swollen, and internal.
Exercise 9. Arrange the following words and expressions in four columns: at a dentist's, at a surgeon's, at an oculist's at a throat specialist's.
a cut, eye-glasses, to feel pain in swallowing, a coated tongue, to have a tooth extracted, cross-eyed, to undergo an operation, to break a leg, to be hoarse, to put in a cast, a filling, to squint, a metal crown, to apply a dressing, a toothache, short/ near sighted, to gargle one's throat, to stop a tooth, to amputate, to get a splinter, to sprain an ankle.
Exercise 10. Give synonyms or synonymous phrases:
to hurt, to have a tooth pulled out, an eye-specialist, a children's doctor, to faint, to go to a doctor, to be unwell, a sick person, to get well, to recover consciousness.
Make up 5 sentences using them.
Exercise 11. Give the opposite to:
medicine for internal use, far- sighted, to take off a compress, to undress a wound, the temperature rises, to feel well, to be out of bed, to come to oneself.
Make up 5 sentences using them.
Exercise 12. Complete the sentences:
On Saturday I went out without my warm coat on and now...
The doctor took the patient's temperature and said...
I can hardly breath because ...
When she came home she complained of a headache and her mother...
The patient said that...
It hurts me when I swallow because ...
The best remedy for it is ...
When I have a splitting headache...
This medicine will work wonders if...
If you follow the doctor's instructions you'll ...
You must give up smoking...
She looks very thin...
She looks the picture of health...
She is losing weight...
Exercise 13. Fill in the blanks with suitable words:
The doctor... his patient very carefully and ... some medicine.
I can hardly turn my head because of...
The flu usually begins with...
There is nothing serious the matter with you, it's just...
You look rather ... today.
It ... me when I swallow.
Let me feel your pulse...
1 don't like this sound of your...
Do you feel any ... over there?
He has been ill with... for a week already.
If you want... you must follow the doctor's advice.
Will you go to ... and have ... made?
... the throat three times a day.
This ...is very good for a cough.
I am feeling...
You have all the ... of the grippe.
If you are ... to colds you should take a good care of yourself.
She caught ...when we were skiing.
Your forehead is hot, let me take...
My sister was ill with... when she was a child.
Exercise 14. Insert prepositions or adverbs wherever necessary.
What are you complaining...?
The best remedy ... a headache is fresh air.
Will you go ... the chemist's and have this prescription made up, please?
The doctor has given him a sick-leave because he has a very bad complication... his heart... quinsy.
The weather has been nasty lately and many people have fallen ill... the flu.
She is ill... quinsy... a bad form.
You'd better take a tablet of analgine... your headache.
She says she is subject... coughs.
to be/ to keep in good health
to ask after smb's health
How are you?
How do you feel?
You look the very picture of health
to be taken ill
to fall ill with the grippe (measles etc)
Consulting a Doctor
a district / visiting doctor
to consult / to see, to go to a doctor
to send for / to call a doctor
consulting - room
to call / to telephone for an ambulance
to see a patient
What is the matter with you?
What is the trouble?
What is your complaint?
to give first aid
Something is wrong with my ear (eye, etc)
He (hurt) his leg when he fell
to have/to feel a pain
to have pains
to have a headache
stomach - ache
I have a sore throat (finger, leg, etc)
high / low / normal temperature
The temperature falls (drops, goes down)
rises (goes up)
to cut one's finger
to break a leg (an arm etc)
to be wounded
to feel / to be giddy
to catch a chill
to be hoarse
to be run down
to be / feel sick
to suffer from sleeplessness(headache, etc)
1 have lost my appetite
to be nervous
weak / bad heart
to catch a slight cold
to catch a slight cold
to catch a bad cold
slight / bad cough
to feel feverish
to lose consciousness
to recover consciousness
to come to oneself
swell (swelled, swollen)
swollen cheek (arm, leg, etc)
to get a splinter into one's finger
to be badly wounded
Examining a patient
to examine a patient
to listen to one's heart
to see one's tongue
to feel one's pulse
The pulse may be quick (slow, weak)
to sound one's chest (lungs)
slight / serious disease
curable / incurable disease
to die of a disease
to strip to the waist
the tongue is coated
to hold one's breath
to take a deep breath
Medical Advice and Medical Treatment
to treat smb for some disease
to keep one's bed
to stay in bed
to keep smb in bed
to give smth for the flue (one's cough, headache)
What are the instructions for use (the medicine)?
to follow the doctor's instructions
to take smth for one's cough (headache, etc)
to take a spoonful of smth
diet, to be on/ to keep /a diet
to operate, to be operated on
to fill/ to stop a tooth
to pull out a tooth
to do (a world of) good
to do harm
to have an analysis taken
to have a blood test taken
to be X-rayed
to have an X-ray taken
to have high (low, normal) blood pressure
to take one's blood-pressure
inject, injection ( of some medicine)
to gargle one's throat ( with medicine)
to perform an operation
to be laid up in a hospital
to undergo an operation, amputation
to dress a wound
to wash (to clean, to bandage) a wound
sling, in a sling
to be under a doctor's care
The treatment does not agree with me
to cure smb of some disease
At the Chemist's
to make up a prescription
pills / tablets
cups, to cup
pain - killer
hot-water bottle / bag
Names of Specialists
eye - specialist = oculist
nerve - specialist
specialist for children's diseases
Names of Diseases
The flu (e)
Influenza= the grippe
Inflammation of the lungs
Concussion of the brain
A heart attack
An attack of cough
bad / poor (good)eyesight
long -/ far - sighted
short-/ near - sighted
deaf and dumb
to go through
my nose is all clogged up to be confined to bed
patient's file, case history
fit of coughing
to relieve pain
to affect one's health
to have a good (bad) effect on one's health
medicine for internal (external) use
to put in a cast
false tooth, crown
Synonyms and Words Usual Confused by Russian Learners
To be ill means to be in bad health, to be unwell.
The sick man means one who is ill.
The word ill is never used before a noun.
Pain: refers to suffering of mind or body: It is sharp and sudden.
Ache: is generally used only in physical sense: It means a continuous pain.
Illness: the state of being ill.
Disease: refers to a particular kind of illness with special symptoms and name.
Cure: means to bring back to health
Heal: means to make healthy after wounds of any kind
Treat: means to make care of with medicines. It refers to the process of curing.